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Politics


As the 2012 Presidential election is quickly approaching, many heated Republican GOP debates have been and are being held. The Republican Presidential prospects include, Rick Perry, former governor of Texas, Mitt Romney, and former governor of Massachusetts, and Rick Santorum, former senator of Pennsylvania. Mitt Romney is the favorite to win the Republican presidential candidate spot in the upcoming election. Saying this, there is no candidate that stands out extremely. Romney is called “The pretzel candidate” by the Washington Post. Although Romney is the debatable favorite, Rick Santorum is giving him a run for his money, by finishing second in all the vote polls nationwide.

Another Presidential candidate that seemed to only bring disasters unto him, and not onto other candidates, is Rick Perry. He seemed fit to win the election, until late 2011. Perry, in a GOP debate, was stating his areas of improvement for America, and forgot the third.  This was the self-inflicted calamity that cost him his lead spot, and ultimately the entire presidential election. 

Tunisian Revolution

Tunisian revolution.jpgThe Tunisian revolution is an intensive campaign of civil resistance, including a series of street demonstrations taking place in Tunisia. The events began in December 2010 and led to the ousting of longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011 eventually leading to a thorough democratization of the country and to free and democratic elections. The demonstrations were precipitated by high unemployment, food inflation, corruption, lack of freedom of speech, and poor living conditions. The protests were sparked by the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi on 17 December and led to the ousting of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 28 days later on 14 January 2011, when he officially resigned after fleeing to Saudi Arabia, ending 23 years in power.  

2011 Egyptian revolution
Hosni_Mubarak_ritratto.jpg541px-Gamal_Mubarak.jpgGamal Mubarak, the younger of Mubarak's two sons, was being groomed to be his father's successor as the next president of Egypt around the year 2000. Gamal started receiving considerable attention in the Egyptian media, as there were no other apparent heirs to the presidency.In the years after Mubarak's 2005 reelection several political groups announced their sharp opposition to the inheritance of power. They demanded political change and asked for a fair election with more than one candidate. Over the course of the decade perception grew that Gamal would succeed his father. Analysts went so far as describing Mubarak's last decade in power as “the age of Gamal Mubarak.” Both Gamal and Hosni Mubarak continued to deny that an inheritance would take place. However, in reality they did the opposite, including amending the constitution to make sure that Gamal will be the only unchallenged candidate.
Day_of_Anger_marchers_in_street Egypt.jpgAfter the January–February 2011 protest, Gamal Mubarak stated that he would not be running for the presidency in the 2011 elections
 The "Day of Revolt" on 25 January
In Egypt and the wider Arab world, the protests and subsequent changes in the government have generally been referred to as the 25 January Revolution, Freedom Revolution, Rage Revolution, Revolution of the Youth, Lotus Revolution or White Revolution.
Tahir sqr friday of departure.jpgThe 2011–2012 Egyptian revolution took place following a popular uprising that began on Tuesday, 25 January 2011 and is still continuing as of February 2012. The uprising was mainly a campaign of non-violent civil resistance, which featured a series of demonstrations, marches, acts of civil disobedience, and labour strikes. Millions of protesters from a variety of socio-economic and religious backgrounds demanded the overthrow of the regime of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. Despite being predominantly peaceful in nature, the revolution was not without violent clashes between security forces and protesters, with at least 846 people killed and 6,000 injured. The uprising took place in Cairo, Alexandria, and in other cities in Egypt. On 11 February, following weeks of determined popular protest and pressure, Mubarak resigned from office. During the uprising the capital city of Cairo was described as "a war zone” and the port city of Suez was the scene of frequent violent clashes. The government imposed a curfew that protesters defied and that the police and military did not enforce. Many governments issued travel advisories and made attempts to evacuate their citizens from the country. In response to mounting pressure, Mubarak announced he would not seek re-election in September. On 11 February Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak would be stepping down as president and turning power over to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. On 24 May, Mubarak was ordered to stand trial on charges of premeditated murder of peaceful protestors and, if convicted, could face the death penalty. The military junta, announced on 13 February that the constitution would be suspended, both houses of parliament dissolved, and that the military would rule for six months until elections could be held.
Although Mubarak resigned, the protests have continued amid concerns about how long the military junta will last in Egypt; some are afraid that the military will rule the country indefinitely.
The Egyptian Revolution, along with Tunisian events, has influenced demonstrations in other Arab countries including Yemen, Bahrain, Jordan, Syria and Libya.

South Sudan

South Sudan became an independent state on 9 July 2011. It is a United Nations member state a member state of the African Union. Its current capital is Juba, which is also its largest city; the capital city is planned to be moved to the more centrally located Ramciel in the future. South Sudan is bordered by Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, the Central African Republic to the west, and Sudan to the north.

 Salva_Kiir_Mayardit.jpg

Salva Kiir Mayardit-First elected President

 

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