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ANNA HAZARE

Kisan Baburao Hazare who is popularly known as Anna Hazare was born on 15 June 1937. He is an Indian Socialist and a prominent leader in the 2011 Indian anticorruption movement, and in this he used nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Anna Hazare also contributed in the development and structuring of Ralegan Siddhi, a village in Parner taluka of Ahmednagar district , Maharashtra , India . He was awarded the Padma Bhushan which is the third highest civilian award , by the government of India in 1992 for his efforts in his establishing this village as a model for others.

 

ANTI – CORRUPTION PROTESTS IN MAHARASHTRA, INDIA:
Anna Hazare launched the Bhrashtachar Virodhi Jan Aandolan (People’s Movement against Corruption) in 1991 which was a popular movement to fight against corruption in Ralegaon Siddhi. In 2003, Anna Hazare began his fast unto death on 9 August 2003 and on 17 August 2003 he ended his fast. In 2011, Hazare started a Satyagraha movement for passing a stronger anti – corruption Lokpal Bill in the Indian Parliament.

 

 ANNA HAZARE  WORKED  TOWARDS THE BETTERMENT  OF  RALEGAN   SIDDHI,MAHARASHTRA,INDIA
Hazare returned to Ralegan Siddhi, "one of the many villages of India plagued by acute poverty, deprivation, a fragile ecosystem, neglect and hopelessness."Although most of the villagers owned some land, cultivation was extremely difficult due to the rocky ground preventing retention of the monsoon rains; this situation worsened as trees were cut down, erosion spread and droughts were also experienced. The shortage of water also led to diseases because conditions became unsanitary and water was re-used for multiple purposes. The economy of the village had become reliant on illegal manufacture and sale of alcohol, a product to which many of the villagers had themselves become addicted. Many inhabitants were at the mercy of moneylenders in order to survive, and those lenders would charge monthly interest rates of as much as 10%. Crime and violence (including domestic violence) had become commonplace, while education and employment opportunities were poor.
Hazare was relatively wealthy because of the gratuity from his army service. He set about using that money to restore a run-down, vandalised village temple as a focal point for the community. Some were able to respond with small financial donations but many other villagers, particularly among the elderly, donated their labour in a process that became known as shramdaan. Some youngsters also became involved in the work and thus he organised a Tarun Mandal (Youth Association). One of the works of Vivekananda which he had read was Call to the youth for nation building.

Anna Hazare brought many significant changes:
1. A Grain Bank was started by him.
2. Anna Hazare persuaded villagers to construct a Watershed Embankment.
3. Milk Production was promoted in Ralegan Siddhi as a secondary occupation.
4. He also worked towards the betterment of Education in the village.
5. He took a step forward for the removal of untouchability.
 6. Because of Anna Hazare’s efforts people of Ralegan have started celebrating marriages collectively.
7.  Hazare campaigned between 1998 and 2006 for amending the Gram Sabha Act, so that the villagers have a say in the development works in their village.
8. Anna Hazare also took a step forward for the Prohibition of Alcohol.
                                     

 

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