Craftsman Bunaglow

The craftsman bungalow is the most popular house style in America. It was popular from 1905 to 1930.This style's origin comes from India. It is typically one to two stories. The roof sloops and has eaves with visible rafters. It has low-pitched roof lines which are usually gabbled or hipped. The roof is supported by square, tapered columns. The windows are double hung with decorative brackets under the eaves. With wood shingles, wood clap-board siding, or cut stone cladding for the siding, it makes the house look like a real bunglow.

Prairie School

The second most popular is prairie school. This style was popular between 1905 -1920. It is been said that this style was the first original American architectural style. Like the craftsman bungalow, the prairie school is one to two stories. The prairie school style has an open floor plan with free-flowing spaces. In this style, to make more space people have removed walls and doors. It has a low-pitched hipped or flat roof with strong horizontal lines. Unlike most houses the prairie school style has a striking central chimney. This style uses a lot of natural materials such as stone, wood, stucco, stone, and brick.

Cape Cod

The Cape Cod style is the third most popular style in America. It was most popular from 1880 through 1960. It is small, symmetrical and rectangle. It is usually one to one-and-a-half stories. The Cape Cod has front dormers, double hung windows with shutters and big bay windows.. When you walk into the house you will go though a centered door with panels. This house style is normally seen with wood clapboard and shingle siding.


Farmhouse is the fourth most popular house style. The farmhouse is a classic symbol of American landscape. This style is popular throughout the U.S. The farmhouse has very basic shapes and extensions can be made very easily. Depending on how you want the house, you can make it a fancy as you want. Because this style is popular throughout the U.S. it may look different in other reigns of the U.S. In New England families might build an extension to their outbuildings so that when it is cold outside they wouldn't freeze while tending to their animals. In the West farmhouses, they built their houses with wide open spaces and with lots of windows. Then in the South farmhouses would be elevated on piers to make a breeze flow though the house. You are unlikely to find two identical farmhouses because the house reflects on the people that live there. This results in a style called vernacular style, which is one that adapts to local needs of preferences.
When the farmhouse was first made the materials used were on hand. They used field stones for foundations and walls, trees for beams, clap-board, shingles, and flooring. Today we use materials from all over the country: adobe from New Mexico, brick from Indiana, clap-board from Missouri, cedar shakes in New England, and slate roofs from Vermont.
Looking at the farmhouse you would find a hipped roof that is gabbled and dormers. It usually two stories and has split wood shingles. This style has a large porch with square supports.


The fifth house style is the ranch style. The ranch style was most popular between 1935-1980. Even though the ranch house is the fifth house style in America, it is the most often seen. The origin comes from influences form Spanish colonial working ranches and the California bungalow. The ranch house is single story and the front is usually set parallel to the street. This house has a simple shape like the farmhouse. Some popular shapes are rectangle, l-shaped, U-shaped or it is built around a courtyard. There is usually a garage attached to the house and have open floor plans. Like most of the other buildings the ranch is mostly made from natural materials. When looking at the widows, you may find that they are double hung, sliding, or large plate glass picture windows in the front of the house. Normally there is a porch attached to the house. The porch is connected to the house by sliding glass doors.
Prairie School Cape Cod Farmhouse Ranch


Text: Alana W

Banner: Bailey B and Tristen J


Image Credits: {{CC, by Daniel Case}} {{CC, by IvoShandor}} {{CC, by Wiki Historian N OH}} {{PD}} {{PD}}

Our team:
Gimnazjum #4, Gdynia, Poland
St. Mark's Senior Second. School,
Meera Bagh, New Delhi, India

St. Paul Lutheran School, Farmington, USA

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