Central Thai Folk Musical Instrument

Saw Sam Sai
The most beautiful fiddle is the Saw samsai; the three stringed spike bowed lute that had been used in the Thai ensemble for quite a long time probable before the Sukhothai period (1350).

Saw duang
is a bowed stringed instrument. The sound box is made of hardwood with snake skin stretched over one face, the other being the sound hole.


has its sound chamber made of coconut shell. This fiddle has its bow laid down on the body between the two strings.


A plucking string instrument, which is approximately 20 cm. high and 140 cm. long, with its first two strings made of silk yarn and the last of brass.

Khlui is a bamboo recorder having seven blowing-out sound holes, of one and half octave. Khlui-u has the lowest pitches.


Pi is a read instrument with six out-blowing holes capable of a variating sounds to 22 pitches. The reed is made
of a kind of palm leaf.

this is a type of xylophone in high pitches which consists of 21-22 wooden bars strung together into a bridging set.


a low pitched xylophone having 18 bars in the set. Its shape looks like a Ranad- ek, but lower and wider.


Gong Wong Yai
is the main instrument of an ensemble, playing the principle melody. This type comprises of 16 kattles in one set and consisting of two main parts.

Gong Wong Lek
This is a Gong set smaller but of higher pitch than which of the Gong wong-yai.

Thone Rammana
Thon : The Thon looks like a smaller Klong yao. It is made of carved wood or baked clay. The head is of hide held inplace by thongs fastened to the "waist" of the drum.

Glong khaek
This drum is accompanying the Mahori, or a Pipat ensemble; and sometimes the String ensemble also.


Glong Songna
This drum is shaped like a kind being used in the Puangmangkog set. It is always played with a Pipat ensemble


South Thai Folk Musical Instruments

The goblet-shaped drum used for providing the changes of rhythm and also for supporting rhythm of the Nora (Southern dance drama).

Klong Nora
Klong nora or Klong nang: a barred-shaped drum used for accompany the Nora dance or the Nang talung (Shadow puppet) performance.


Mong Ching
Mong and Ching: two important percussion instruments used for accompany the Nora dance (dance drama) and the Nang talung (shadow peppet) performance.

a quadruple-reed oboe type with six finger holes producing at least three octaves of pitches range.


Trae Rapoung
Trae phuang or Krab phung: a percussion used to provide rhythmic punctuation of the Nora ensemble.



North Thai Folk Musical Instruments

Sa-lor or Ta-lor

is a bowed string instring instrument with a free bow. The resonator is made of coconut shell cut off on one side,


is a plucked string instrument, made of teak or hardwood. around sound hole is cut on the top sound board.


The same as khlui in central.


a bamboo single metal reed oboe with six sound pitches played by blowing


Pi nae
a kind of double reed oboe looks like the Saranai or Chani but bigger in size; its made of wood usually accompany the big gong,

Phin-pia or Phin-phia
or sometimes simply called "pia" or "phia". The body is made from a coconut shell.


Glong Teng Thing
Klong Teng-thing is a two faced tabular drum and used as one of percussive instrument

or Ma-lod-pod is a two-faced tubular drum of 100 centimeters long.


Klong Ting Nong
The biggest and longest drum with onc face made of hide about 3-4 metres long

Klong Sa Bad Chai
The most famous drum in northern, hanging on the double wooden bars carried by men





Northeast Folk Musical Instruments

This drum is shaped like a kind being used in the Puangmangkog set. It is always played with a Pipat ensemble.

The most complete and very popular instrument of this area that has very long history for its development dating back to 2,000 to 3,000 years.


is a kind of vertical flute, made of 6-9 various lengths of small bamboo pipes (Mai-ruak or Mai-hia, Mai-ku-khan)

A type of northeastern lute with a pear-shaped body having flets on the neck.


Pong lang
A type of melodic percussion played by two players with hard stick. Its shape is like a xylophone consisting of 15 wooden bars stringed together

Jakae (Kabue)
is one of the importance instrument in Mahori khamen ensemble. It has 3 strings

The Krachappi is a plucked stringed instrument. It's turtle shape sound box is made of jackfruit wood


Saw Kantrum
Saw Kantrum Saw Kantrum is a boewd stringed instrument with sound box made of wood, the head of which is covered with snake skin.


Klong Kantrum
A kind one faced drum made of hollow wood with skin covering the face and stretched.

 Pi Salai
A kind of double reed oboe accompanied with Kantrum ensemble.


Krab Khoo
Krab khoo: A pair of hard wooden bars two pairs made a set, played with both
hands as percussion in "Kantrum ensemble".

Jazz & Blues

Jazz is a type of music that originated in Louisiana. In fact, New Orleans, a Louisiana city is called the birthplace of jazz. Jazz instruments include trombone,








and sometimes clarinet.

Rock 'n' Roll

Rock 'n' roll was first used by Alan Freed in 1951, in Cleveland, Ohio. The most common rock instrument used is the guitar.


A type of music sung by ordinary people, not just professional musicians, is folk. Folk music is used to tell stories in a rythmic tune. Folk music was sung by slaves, and in protest. Some of these songs can be heard today.

Musicians used many ordinary tools like:

the harmonica

the banjo

the jug

the spoon

the fiddle

and the washboard




Blues is a style of jazz. It got its name from the sad melodies and words. It originated with jazz music, but the difference is emotion. While jazz can be be happy or sad, blues is a more depressed theme. It usually includes the typical jazz instruments, like trumpet, trombone, and piano.


Japan's Music Roots

Features of Japanese instruments

1. Has a great choice.

Japan has a lot of kinds of musical instruments.

Of course,there are a lot of musical instruments also in various foreign countries.

But,the reason is that there are a lot of numbers of races, and were a lot of numbers of languages.

It is unusual that there are various so much musical instruments like Japan in the country of a single race and

most single languages.

2. Material

A lot of musical instruments of Japan used the material of nature, and are few metallic musical instruments.

3. Score

There is no instrumental music tune though there are a lot of musical instruments in the so much.

4. Other

Peculiar music to the provinces besides artistic music and musical instruments are in Japan, too.

For example:

Musical instruments




Japanese musical instruments



It is Japanese musical instrument.
It is played by many people from young to old. It is a three-stringed instrument.
It is very famous and important in Japan.


It is a Japanese flute.
Its construction is simple.
It is made from bamboos.
It is played by many Japanese festivals.


it is Syakuhachi!!
There are musical instrument peculiar to Japan.

?this is a syakuhachi. ?
It is difficult to blow.
but tone is very nice.
please listen to it.
i wrote music history on nicenet.so please watch it. I wrote many article.




Koto is the stringed instrument.
It was harmonize of the Chinese musical instrument and Japanese musical instrument.
But it is a old musical instrument in Japan.

It the form is a rectangle.
When we play it, we flick
the string of the Koto.

There are very few players of the Koto,but
some students learn it a little by the class of the junior high school.

And Koto is even modern music is used.
For example, I went to the consart the famous band in japan.
Then,a Koto was used in that consart!

And the score of the Koto is different from usual musical instruments. Scores of usual musical instruments are written by the musical notes.But,the score of Koto is written by Kanji. I think most of Japanese people can't understand the score of Koto because it is difficult to understand even a Japanese.

This picture is score of Koto. The writer is Mr.Kosyuuan. ⇒






Kinds of traditional music

1,Racial music like Minyou,Warabeuta,and,Matsuri bayasi.
This music is that imitates actual performance from score and is handed down by learning and remembering.
2, Artistic music like Gagaku,Nou,Kyougen,Nagauta.
This music is the thing which many musical instruments and culture are mixed in.
3, Religious music like Seimei.
This music is the music that tied to religion with a ceremony or a form, and is played.
4, Public music like Rakugo.
This music is the loved by many generation.


Characteristic of the Japanese music is...

1.Thank for the beauty and grandeur, a blessing.

2.The folk song which was born from the local.

3.The music that was born from labor.



Thai Folk Musical Intruments
American Musical Instuments Through the Ages
Japan's Musical Instruments

JAZZ AND BLUES: trumpets, drums, trombones


ROCK: guitar, electric guitar


FOLK: banjo, harmonica


Features of Japanese instruments

Japan's Music Roots

Shamisen, Shinobue, Syakuhachi, Koto

Kind of traditional music

Characteristics of the Japanese music




Team Members: JAPAN: Mami, Saori, Ayumi, Veera. USA: Ethan, Michael, Firas THAILAND: "Nam" Ornnicha"Jung", Chonnikarn, "Sa" Savitree, "Meow" Piromsiri