|Religious Dress and Ceremonial Textiles|
|Traditional Dress (Women)|
|Traditional Dress (Men)|
Team Members: JAPAN: Chari, Aoi, Kaoruko. USA: Harlan, Rory, Jesse, Caitlyn, Jamie, THAILAND:
The elite also commissioned highly skilled weavers throughout the kingdom to supply finely woven silk and cotton textiles. The royalty imported specially designed textiles from India, China, and Cambodia; their laws restricted the use of the imported fabrics to the higher strata of society. Thai kings wore the finest materials when their dress mimicked the deities.
The adoption of Western-style clothing among the Thai elite began in the mid-nineteenth century. Western missionaries also introduced and persuaded women to wear blouses with the traditional lower garment in the late 1800s. Men more readily adopted Western clothing (such as trousers) during the first quarter of the twentieth century. The pha sin continues to be worn in rural areas on a daily basis by some women, and the elite are returning to modernized versions of traditional dre
ss inspired by Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand for special events. Local and foreign interests alike currently sustain traditional textile production, and perhaps will continue to do so into the near future. <top>
Religious and Ceremonial Textiles
Women also weave textiles for religious or ceremonial purposes. Laywomen provide dyed cotton cloth for Buddhist monks' robes, as well as household textiles. Family members usually donate these items to monks at ordination ceremonies and at subsequent religious festivals. Ceremonial textiles are also donated to hang inside and outside a temple and to cover palmleaf manuscripts. <top>
Women produce an array of textiles used for such purposes as mattresses, blankets and covers, pillows, and mosquito nets. These items are made from cotton, but items reserved for a wedding may be silk or decorated with silk and often contain elaborate motifs. The Tai Lue favor black and red geometric motifs on a natural cotton background. The Lao Song Dam adorn their special household textiles with green, red, orange, and white silk appliqué. The Lao Khrang prefer a natural cotton blanket with elaborate supplementary patterns at the ends, bordered with red cotton. <top>
Traditional Dress (Women)
The pha sin, or tube skirt, is the traditional lower garment for women of the various ethnic groups of lowland Thailand. The pha sin consists of three sections: hua sin (head or top), tua sin (body or midsection), and tin sin (foot or border). The three sections of the pha sin are either woven in one piece of cloth with patterns differentiating the three sections or are made from two or more pieces of cloth sewn together.
The midsection is the largest section of the tube skirt. Weavers of the various ethnic groups use a variety of techniques to decorate the midsection, including ikat (tye-dying the thread before weaving it), tapestry, and supplementary warp and weft patterning. The Tai Lao, Lao Khrang, Khmer, and Kui weavers favor weft ikat or mat mii technique, while the Tai Lue employ tapestry and other techniques to create complex patterns. The Lao Phuan of Sukothai and Uttaradit provinces weave an overall supplementary warp pattern for the midsection and attach a complicated patterned border to their tube skirt.
The skirt border is either plainly woven or very elaborate. The most intricately patterned border is the tin chok, a border pattern with decorated chok, or discontinuous supplementary weft motifs. The skirt border is highly valued, and many women of various ethnic groups possess a pha sin tin chok (a pha sin, or tube skirt, decorated with a discontinuous supplementary weft border ) for special occasions. The Tai Lue prefer a simple border of plain indigo cotton, while the Phu Tai and Lao Song Dam weave a thicker border, approximately five centimeters wide, decorated with supplementary patterns or stripes. Some women dress in tube skirts or sarongs with an overall pattern. Mature Khmer women of northeast Thailand often wear tube skirts with a checked or plaid pattern. Malay women in the south favor batik or wax-resist-dyed sarongs similar to Malay dress of neighboring countries.
The chong kraben wasthe lower garment traditionally worn by women of central Thailand and Cambodia. Central Thai women used a variety of textiles for the chong kraben including Indian chintz; they also used different types of silk textiles such as silver and gold brocades on silk made locally or from India; local weft ikat silk; and imported Chinese and Cambodian silk. The use of an upper garment by women varied until the beginning of the twentieth century. Most women did not wear an upper garment, but wrapped a rectangular cloth, pha sabai, around the breasts or across a shoulder when attending religious or ceremonial functions. Prior to the twentieth century, women belonging to ethnic groups originating in colder climates (for example, the Tai Lue, Lao Song Dam, and PhuTai) wore blouses or shirts of indigo or black cotton decorated with silver buttons, embroidery, or appliqué. For special occasions, an elaborately patterned shoulder or breast cloth was added to complete the outfit. The Phu Tai pha phrae wa was an outstanding example of a shoulder cloth; this red silk textile is decorated with bands of complex patterns and is approximately three meters long. Women began to wear European-style blouses in the 1900s. <top>
Traditional Dress (Men)
Unlike women, men no longer commonly wear traditional clothing.
In America we wear cute shirts and jeans everyday. We dress very casually. We also wear gymshoes everyday to school, work, and wherever we go. Jeans were once only accepted in work. Now people wear jeans to work and parties. Jeans can now be very dressy. These are things we wear everyday.
Here in the USA we wear nice clothes when we need to dress up. Men wear handsome Tuxes and women wear beautiful dresses. also we wear dress shoes that look very nice. sometimes women wear skirts.
Special Occasion Clothing
In America we dress differently depending on the occasion. For weddings the bride usually wears a beautiful puffy and elaborate white gown. The men usually wear black tuxedos. They also wear blazers and many other types of suits.
There are many types of jeans in the us there are levi's and southpoles. They are all very good jeans but I think that southpoles are better. They all have different designs but levis are simple and southpoles are way more elaborate with designs.
jeans were created during the california gold rush(people came from all around to mine in the california mountains) a german imigrant named levi strauss came to california to sell rough canvas for tents and wagon covers one of the miners complained that he cold not find pants tough enough to with stand the hard work. so levi made the first pair of blue jeans.
In North America, we have different fashions and styles of clothing depending on the weather. In the summer we have cute shorts and skirts. Maybe even capris. We wear flip-flops on our feet and tank tops. We walk down to the pool in just our bathing suits. We have many colors and styles of everything we wear. Even in winter. When the weather is cold outside, we wear long warm pants, and fuzzy boots. We have very puffy bulky, warm coats and jackets. We wear T-shirts with cool designs on it and sweaters when we get chilly. But, whatever the weather, we always have a fashionable sense of style! on special occasions, men wear dress clothes and shoes, which is sometimes called a tuxedo, or a "Tux" for short. Girls wear beautiful dresses or skirts. They wear heels or flats. Clothing is a very important aspect of American culture!