This sport originated from having a person hit a ball with a bat against a courtyard wall in the early years. In the next years, the first racket was invented and tennis became popular in France. Since then, the Royal families and nobles could afford to play the game, it became known as Royal, or Real Tennis. In the 19th century, there was a change to Real Tennis, made by a Victorian prosperity in England. This is when tennis balls began to be invented. Many minor changes have been made to the game until today.


The Object of the Game, Scoring, and The Rules of the Game:

The object of tennis is to serve the ball, then hit the ball back, when the opponent hits it to you. To win, you must strike the ball at a place on the court, where the opponent cannot hit the ball back. This is how you would score, when you score you receive 15 points each time, until you get to 30 points. When you score after you receive 30 points, you get 10 points, and the next time you score, you win!!! If both players get to 40 points, then it goes to deuce, then a player must win by two scores.


Rule 1. Opponents stand on opposite sides of the court. The player who delivers the ball to start the point is called the server . The player who stands opposite and cross-court from the server is the receiver .

Rule 2. The right to serve, receive, choose your side, or give the opponent these choices is decided by a toss of a coin or racquet. If the choice of service or receiver is chosen, the opponent chooses which side to start.

Rule 3. The server shall stand behind the baseline on the deuce court within the boundaries of the singles court when playing singles and within the doubles sideline when playing doubles.

Rule 4. The receiver is deemed ready if an attempt is made to return the server's ball. The receiver can stand where he likes but must let the ball bounce in the service box. If the ball is hit by either opponent before the ball bounces, the server wins the point.

Rule 5. The server always calls his score first. If the server wins the first point, he gets a score of 15. Scoring is done like a clock. See example below. Love means zero in tennis. The second point is called 30. The third point is called 45 (now-a-days known as 40) and game is won when the score goes back to love. If the score is 40-40, also known as deuce , one side must win by two points. Advantage-In means if the server wins the next point, he wins the game. Advantage-Out means the receiver has a chance to win the game on the next point.


Rule 6. After the game, the opponents serve. Games equal 1. The first to win 6 games, by two, wins the set. The first to win 2 sets wins the match. If the score is 6-6, a tie-breaker is played. This is scored by one's. The first team to score 7 points winning by two wins the set.

Rule 7. If the ball goes into the net, or outside the boundaries of the court, the player who hit that ball loses the point. If the ball hits the net during the point and goes into the opponents court, the ball is in play.

Rule 8. A let is called during the point if a ball rolls on the court or there is a distraction from someone besides the players on the court.

Rule 9. A ball that lands on the line is good.

Rule 10. If players serve out of turn or serve to the wrong person or court, the point or game will stand and order will be resumed following the point or game.

For a complete list of sports, see websites below.

Important Records:

One important record is that Roger Federer, the world Number 1 tennis player, went out of the Olympics, losing to the Czech Republic's Tomas Berdych 4- 6, 7-5, 7-5. In the biggest success of his career, the 18-year-old Berdych who has never won a singles title on the ATP tour, came back from a set down to break the Swiss Wimbledon champion's serve in two successive sets.

Some Famous Athletes:

Some famous tennis athletes from the past are Fred Perry, Henri Lacoste, Billie Jean King, Virginia Wade, Martina Navratilova, Sue Barker, Jimmy Connors, and Bjorn Borg. Some famous male tennis athletes, today, are Rafael Nadal, Roger Federer, Andy Roddick, and Pete Sampras. Some famous female tennis athletes, today, are Lindsay Davenport, Mary Pierce, Serena and Venus Williams, and Maria Sharapova.


"Wimbledon - the World's Favorite Tournament." The History of Tennis. 2000. EasySpace. 3 Jan. 2007 <http://www.cliffrichardtennis.org/planet_tennis/history.htm#anchor_wimbledon>.

"Tennis Rules Simplified." Ruls of Tennis Simplified. 2001. Westlake High School. 3 Dec. 2007 <http://westlake.k12.oh.us/hilliard/whspe/tennis/tennis_rules.htm>.

"The Olympics 2004: TENNIS: Federer Eliminated as Berdych Records." BNET. 2008. CNET Networks, INC. 3 Dec. 2007 <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20040818/ai_n12802173>.