Glossary of Terms

Back line : A line across the end of the court, but not including the goal line; also called the "outer goal line".

Centre back : A player centered largely around midcourt who directs the offence and shoots or tries to penetrate the defense; also called a "playmaker".

Centre line : A line across the court dividing it into two halves.

Corner throw : An offensive player's throw from a corner at the offensive end of the court, restarting play after the ball has gone over the back line after being touched by a defender other than the goalkeeper.

Court player : Any player on the court except a goalkeeper; also known as a "field player".

Dribble : To move the ball by bouncing it on the floor.

Exclusion : When a player is ejected from the game with no replacement allowed.

Four-meter line : A line four meters in front of a goal that marks the limit of where a goalkeeper may advance to defend against a penalty throw; also known as the "goalkeeper's restraining line".

Free throw : A fresh start to offensive play without interference from the defense, awarded for a minor offence by the opponent.

Free-throw line : An arcing dotted line extending nine meters from the goal, marking where an attacking team resumes play after being fouled inside the line; also called the "nine-meter line".

Goal area : The D-shaped area extending six meters from the goal and occupied only by the goalkeeper.

Goal area line : An arcing line that defines the goal area; also called the "six-meter line".

Goal line : The line the ball must cross to score a goal.

Goal throw : A throw-in from a goalkeeper to a team-mate, restarting play after the goalkeeper or the opposition last touched the ball before it passed over the back line.

Goalkeeper : The player in charge of defending the goal.

Harpaston : An ancient Roman team sport believed to be a forerunner to handball, in which players threw a small ball to team-mates while trying to avoid opposing players.

Jump shot : A shot attempted while leaping.

Line player : An offensive player who plays largely around the six-meter line; also called a "pivot".

Penalty line : A one-meter line seven meters in front of the goal where penalty throws are attempted; also called the "seven-meter line".

Penalty shoot-out : A tie-breaking system where, after a tied game, players on each team try to score against the opposing goalkeeper from the penalty line to determine a winner.

Penalty throw : A seven-meter shot at goal defended only by the goalkeeper and awarded for a serious offence or because the defense illegally spoiled a clear chance to score a goal; also called a "seven-meter throw".

Red card : A card signifying a referee has ejected a player from the game.

Referee throw : Similar to a jump ball in basketball, a throw into the air by the referee so a player on each team can jump and try to gain control of the ball.

Running shot : A shot attempted while running.

Shooter : A player, usually tall and a good jumper, who shoots from the backcourt.

Sideline : A boundary line marking a side of the court.

Throw-in : A throw from the side of the court to restart play after the ball has gone over the sidelines.

Throw-off : A throw from the centre line to a team-mate at least three meters away and behind the line, used to restart play.

Two-minute suspension : The penalty for a second warning from the referee or for any severe foul or unsportsmanlike behavior.

Wing : A player who plays largely along the side of the court.

Yellow card : A card signifying the referee has warned a player about an infraction.